The American Indians
The American Indians are the indigenous people that occupied America before the Europeans discovered America. During the European settlements in America, there rose conflicts between the Native Americans and the new settlers. The settlers, by the virtue of their large numbers needed more land than was available. As such, they had to compete with the American Indians for land. After the Europeans discovered America, the United States federal government has formulated policies that define the relationship between the government, the American citizens and the indigenous American Indians. Some of these policies have helped the Indians to develop while others have hindered their growth.
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 is an example of policies that hindered the development of the American Indians. This Act was passed by the congress and allowed the president to remove the Indians from their native land to less product ones. As a result, many of the Indians died due to bad weather and famine.
The General Allotment Act of 1887 was a policy that allowed American Indian family heads to be allocated land from the reservations. Moreover, the Act promised full citizenship to those who owned land and had given up their tribal practices. This policy seemed to be well-intentioned. However, the land allocated was poor and could not be cultivated. Discouraging the abandonment of the Indian culture would have hindered the authentic development of the American Indians as a people.
The Indian citizenship Act of 1924 provided American citizenship to all Indians who were born in the United States. This promoted their development because they were protected by the law and entitled to full rights as American citizens.
The Indian reorganization Act of 1934 ended the land allotment and returned all unsold land to the Indians. This Act enabled the Indians to start businesses to better their lives. Moreover, the Indians were allowed to have elected councils from the tribes with significant power. This helped them develop in a unique way through their own rule.