History

  1. Olaudah Equiano wrote about his experiences on the middle passage from Africa to the Americas. His encounters as a slave made him be involved in the British abolitionist movement, which led to the declaration of the end of slavery by Great Britain in 1807.
  2. According to James Barbot's "A Voyage to New Calabar", African "kings" sometimes announced a trade with Barbot's ship by blaring trumpets made of "elephant' teeth" where they would trade slaves with valuables.
  3. According to the report on the Stono Rebellion, Spanish agents could convince South Carolina's "Angola Negroes" to escape to Florida because Angolans, who were darker-skinned Englishmen (also known as "Anglos"), felt betrayed by the South Carolinians who had enslaved them, and because the slaves were subjected to a stricter Negro Act that was quickly finalized and approved after the Stono Rebellion.
  4. In "A True and Exact History of the Island of Barbados", Richard Ligon tells the story of a ploy among slave "firemen" on one sugar plantation. The result of the plot, according to Ligon, was the refusal of slaves who turned in the conspirators to accept any reward which included a day's liberty to themselves and their wives to do what they would.
  5. Charles Woodmason repeatedly referred to backcountry colonists as "little above the Indians," because they had rejected civilization and had embraced savagery as shown in their lewd morals and irreligious behaviour rampant on the frontier.
  6. In "A Model of Christian Charity", John Winthrop urged Massachusetts colonists to fulfil their roles in the Godly Commonwealth because Massachusetts was a "City on a Hill", whose example could aid in the conversion of England.
  7. England's Navigation Acts of the late 1600s were intended to solidify and strengthen England's economic wealth and power that it used to create control its empire.
  8. In the late 1400, European explorers wanted to explore an Atlantic route to China because no trade with China had yet been established and they were driven by the desire for wealth creation, advances in technology, and Christian converts.
  9. Cahokia is an archaeological site showing a simple tribal settlement in North America, ca. 1300 ad. It was designated in 1982 as a world heritage site by UNESCO.
  10. English colonies in the Americas in the 1600s represented a diverse group of projects founded for different purposes that developed their own system of self-government.
  11. Junipero Serra was a Spanish Franciscan who founded Catholic missions on the California coast in the 1760s. The missions that he developed were designed to convert the Indians and develop self-sufficient landed enterprises.
  12. The Headright System, established in 1619 by the Virginia Company, encouraged the use of indentured servants from Africa, whose passage into Virginia was paid by wealthy individuals in order to accumulate headrights that were equal to fifty acres of land for each servant brought.
  13. The Jesuits are an order of Catholic priests who did much of the missionary work in New France.
  14. The Atlantic economy as it existed in the 1600s and 1700s was characterized by Europeans cooperating in trade and religious conversion of Americans; Americans acted both in opposition to trade and as trading partners; Africans served as forced workforce and military forces to combat the expansion of the Turks along the Mediterranean.
  15. Jacob Leisler led an insurrection in the colony of New York during the power vacuum caused by the downfall of King James II.
  16. In the 1600s and 1700s, English women (whether in England or in the colonies) who got married generally did not have the right to own property separate from their husbands without a prenuptial agreement.
  17. The English colonial gentry in the early and mid-1700s preferred the labor of indentured servants to that of African slaves.
  18. If you heard a sermon in Boston during its Great Awakening in the 1740s or 1750s containing the words "Let us with the greatest humility adore the awful and absolute sovereignty of God," you would probably be listening to George Whitefield.
  19. The correct chronological sequence of major imperial wars fought in the 1700s in North America among Spain, France, and England (with their Indian allies) is Queen Anne's War, War of Jenkins's Ear, King George's War, and Seven Years' War.
  20. The "Glorious Revolution" in 1688-1689 was important because it guaranteed liberty in England through a Constitutional Monarchy.
  21. John Calvin's theology led English Puritans to criticize the Church of England as being too similar to the Catholic Church in the practices and beliefs suggested by his theology.
  22. As a result of the French and Indian War (ended 1763), the English gained Canada from the French and Florida from the Spanish. The British Prime Minister then William Pitt (the older) recognized the potential of royal expansion that would arise from victory against the French and borrowed heavily to supply an expanded war effort.
  23. King Philip's War of 1676 and the Yamassee War of 1715 were both parts of the Thirty Years War in Europe, an extension of the Protestant Reformation.
  24. Starting in 1759 on the Plains of Abraham, British forces began the siege of Quebec, through which the French ultimately lost control of the city and New France.
  25. Which of the following was not a European island colony in the Caribbean: Saint-Domingue (France).
  26. Pennsylvania was settled in the 1680s primarily by Quakers from England.
  27. A traveller in New York City around 1700 might report that he heard many different languages on the streets, including several African dialects, Indian languages, as well as English, French, and Dutch.
  28. Massacres at Drogheda and Wexford in 1649 in Ireland were the work of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the English Commonwealth and who was in charge of the English Parliamentarian Forces.
  29. People in the Americas referred to as "Maroons" were the communities of Indians and escaped slaves, especially in Jamaica.
  30. By 1730, Massachusetts and South Carolina differed in that South Carolina was a Spanish colony while Massachusetts was controlled by English Quakers.
  31. The following were introduced to North America by Europeans: horses and diseases from Europe and Andean potatoes from South America.
  32. In the 1500s, the Spanish used Native American labor at Potosi in Bolivia to mine for silver.
  33. The famous phrase from the period of the American Revolution, "Give me Liberty or Give Me Death" was spoken by Patrick Henry of Virginia in 1775.
  34. Massachusetts colonial officials exiled Anne Hutchinson in part because she gave lessons in theology to groups of both men and women together with charges like sedition and heresy.
  35. The Pueblo Revolt of 1680 occurred when the Aztecs under Moctezuma allied themselves with the English against the Spanish.
  36. The witchcraft trials in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692 reflected deep social conflicts in Salem between those who supported the Indian wars and those who did not.
  37. In the United States' Declaration of Independence, the phrase "He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly" is completed by the phrase: "for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people."
  38. The main gripes English colonists in the 1770s expressed against Parliament were prohibitions against westward expansion, taxation, and the stationing of British troops in colonial cities.
  39. African slavery in 1700s in America was the fundamental cause of the French and Indian War, as the Indians tried to force the end of slavery in the English colonies.
  40. The term "Great Britain" refers to the unification of England and Scotland in 1707.
  41. Which of the following correctly describes the geography of European colonialism in the Americas from the 1600s to about 1750? : . France: Ohio and Mississippi valleys, Quebec, Caribbean; Spain: South and Central America, Caribbean, Florida; Portugal: Brazil.
  42. The slogan "taxation without representation," as used by the Sons of Liberty in the 1760s and 1770s, meant that colonists thought they ought to have representatives in the English parliament.
  43. Before colonizing the Americas, the Spanish and English had colonized India and the Malay Peninsula.
  44. Two events that reflected increased violence between colonists and Indians after the defeat of the French in 1763 included the Pueblo Revolt and King Philip's War.
  45. According to Black Americans in the Revolutionary Era, Mary Halstead in 1775 petitioned the assembly of Maryland to revoke Dunmore's Proclamation.
  46. The Dominion of New England, in existence between 1686 and 1689, combined the Massachusetts colony with Pennsylvania and Virginia.
  47. The colony of Maryland, founded in 1632, was designed in part to be a haven for English Catholics.
  48. The great Portuguese explorers of the 15th and 16th centuries included Vasco da Gama, who explored the Indian Ocean, and Ferdinand Magellan, who rounded Cape Horn before dying in a battle in the Philippines.
  49. The intellectual movement in Europe and the Americas called the Enlightenment emphasized science and human reason over divine revelation.
  50. The best way to describe the role of Catholic missionaries (especially Franciscans, Dominicans, and Jesuits) in Spanish and French colonization is that they participated in the cultural conquest of the Americas but criticized the high levels of violence and exploitation.