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Diabetes Mellitus is a common health problem in the world today. The condition is the result of the inadequate insulin secretion or response of a patient’s body to insulin. Consequently, this condition compromises the whole body performance, and different organs fail to function properly. The most common challenges connected with the illness include the loss of sight, kidneys and nerves problems as well as cardiovascular system damages. Previously, the condition was famous among old-aged adults; however, today it has become common among children and teenagers as well. Therefore, there exists an urgent need to curb the frequent occurrences of the illness and to promote healthier lifestyle for the young people. This research aims at reviewing, analyzing, and recommending ways to undertake studies on the means to reduce Diabetes Mellitus attack on teenagers in Miami County.
A recent survey conducted by American Diabetes Association showed that 18% of the total diabetic patients in Miami County are children (Mays, 2015). Further, the study predicted that the number of teenage patients is also likely to become higher over the years. This piece of news is discouraging and leads to the desire for the health services to help reduce the chances of the disease spread among children. The health officers and associations in the region focus on creating living conditions favorable for the current and future health status of children. For example, educating the parents of teenagers on dietary habits can be a strategy to decrease the number of Diabetes Mellitus occurrences among children. However, the evaluation of the strategy is only possible after conducting the extensive research on the contribution of the eating habits to the cause of the disease. Therefore, this paper will present a proposed design of a research study to determine whether giving instructions to the parents of teenagers in Miami County about healthy dietary habits reduces the cases of Diabetes Mellitus among their children.
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The research study will aim at helping review the literature, selecting the right methodology and designing the appropriate presentation structure of the survey. Along with that, the study will assist in determining the appropriate instruction on special dietary techniques for decreasing the risk of the disease spread in children. Additionally, the paper will analyze the effects of the identified disease on the lifestyle and economic status of the families with teens who suffer from diabetes.
Besides, the disease has led to the deterioration in the students performance in schools due to the high rate of absenteeism. As a result, the children who are expected to become the future of Miami are unable to get sufficient education that will ensure proper management of the County and the entire country (Mays, 2015). Therefore, the need to invest in reducing the cases of Diabetes Mellitus among the teens in Miami is relevant.
The hypothesis of this question is the following:
i. Will educating the parents of teenagers on the proper strategy that helps reduce the number of children with Diabetes Mellitus in Miami?
The study objectives will be:
i. Determine the relationship between the teens eating habits and the development of Diabetes Mellitus;
ii. Identify the possible ways to adjust dietary habits in children to limit the chances of acquiring Diabetes Mellitus;
iii. Identify possible challenges that the real victims face that can be handled by the change in nutritional content of food that is often consumed by the patients.
This chapter will aim at identifying and describing the scope and methodological framework of the study which will be based on literature review and primary research and analysis of the target population. The study will be conducted in Miami-Dade, a region with a population of 6 million and over 3 million are children (Issues and Events, 2015). The researchers will be selected from the residents to ensure the effective communication during the interview process. Interviews will be one of the techniques used to obtain primary data from the target group. Moreover, reports will be conducted in hospitals and other health facilities to guarantee the adequate comparison of the data obtained from homes or individuals and the information available in the medical services providers data bank. The data that will be used to analyze the eating habits of the population will be acquired from the reviews of the lifestyle of the families with sick kids and other families without such children. Besides, the issues such as recommendable weight gains, physical exercises and other activities that have an influence on the body performance will be researched. The process will involve diverse people from schools, homesteads, hospitals, churches, and business centers.
Sample Size and Sampling Approaches
In order to achieve a well-distributed parameter of the study, a reasonable quantity of the sample population will be used. The study involves taking interview 50 members from each of the identified above categories, namely, the members from geographically different schools, hospitals, business centers, and homesteads. The sample population will be selected with the help of the cluster sampling method. Therefore, the population will be divided into different clusters based on factors such as race, income levels, occupations, and size of the family. As a result, the study will provide the understanding of the factors that stimulate the unhealthy dietary practices (Endocrinology, 2014). Moreover, it will be easy to comprehend the best training approach that will ensure the attraction of larger multitudes of people depending on their lifestyles (Born into this world: Health issues, 2014).
Data Collection Method
The data that will be used in this study will be acquired from secondary and primary sources. The secondary data will be attained from the previous studies on health issues or other problems related to Diabetes Mellitus in teenagers in Miami-Dade. Moreover, the records from health institutions will be utilized to support the data collected and intended for the study. On the other hand, primary sources will include interviews, questionnaires, surveys, and observations by the recruited researchers.
In order to ensure accuracy, specificity, and measurability, the researchers will display their professionalism in acquiring the reliable data in time. One of the strategies for that will be the use of various groups of interviewers for the same target groups to guarantee the correctness of the attained results (Sreedharan, 2013). For example, after an interview in one region, random sampling of the already attended clients will be done. Afterward, different researchers will do a second interview, and if the results are consistent, the study will be considered reliable. Otherwise, if different results are attained from the same respondents that will mean that the study is faulty. Secondly, the sample population will be interviewed separately to avoid duplication and influence of the responses provided.
The interview questions will be short and easy to understand to avoid ambiguity and misinterpretation. Moreover, questions about personal issues will be avoided to make the respondents feel comfortable. Closed-ended inquiries will be used in the interview to ensure discrete responses.
The chosen researchers will be encouraged to pay close attention to the surroundings of their respondents. For example, it may be easy to evaluate the income level of a defendant in a business depending on the location, stock, and price range of the commodities in their stores. Thus, a reasonable figure will be easy to evaluate and notice if the client is lying or honest. In case of such controversial situations, a researcher will be encouraged to use personal tactics such as reformulated questions to clarify the same information. Moreover, in schools, it will be a simple task to observe the weight issues in the students depending on the regions where the schools are located. For example, a middle-class school may not have many students with diabetes compared to the one that is situated in the richest neighborhoods. Therefore, some of the observations acquired by the researchers will be of great relevance for the study. Observations should be performed randomly to ensure the consistency of received results.
Several quantitative studies will be designed to gather the information needed for the survey. Moreover, the studies will be scheduled after a specified period in order not to disturb the people being studied.
Use of Questionnaires
Along with the above techniques, questionnaires should be distributed among the target population to determine the factors needed for the survey. The respondent should answer the questionnaires personally to guarantee accuracy. Moreover, enough time should be given to each of the respondents to address all the questions in the document. Therefore, the questionnaires will be distributed on a particular day and collected two days later. The questions will be as follows:
i. What is your name, age, occupation, and the area of the resident in Miami-Dade?
ii. Do you suffer from Diabetes Mellitus?
iii. Does any other teen in your family suffer from Diabetes Mellitus and how old are they?
iv. If yes, how long has the teen been suffering from it?
v. What are the eating habits of the family of the ill?
vi. Do you eat low cholesterol foods?
vii. Do you exercise?
viii. Do you attend a hospital for medical check-ups?
ix. What are the challenges faced by the teen victims of Diabetes Mellitus and their families?
x. Any recommendable advice on how to lower Diabetes Mellitus cases among children in Miami-Dade County?
Empirical and theoretical literature will be used in attaining the data needed for the above study. Moreover, the data required to identify the best training techniques will be determined. The data on literature review will be acquired from the studies conducted by the health organization on Diabetes Mellitus challenges, for example, such as American Diabetes Association, National Disease Control and Prevention and World Health Organization (WHO). Besides, reports from the medical institutions in the area will be an excellent source of secondary data from the records of the patients treated. Notably, the hospitals will not be required to share information about particular patients; instead, they will have to give an analyzed data of the children treated with diabetes from their institution (Sinaika, Afendulis & Frank, 2013).
The data acquired will ensure that the disparity and similarities of habits and other factors that are related to lifestyle, diet, and the disease will be identified. The information will be used to determine the main areas to be covered by the training that will be conducted in the region. Moreover, the data will be utilized to show the relationship of the factors contributing to the development of Diabetes Mellitus in children.
The data obtained from both the primary and secondary sources will be analyzed, grouped, and evaluated to determine the relationship between the studied factors and Diabetes Mellitus. As a result, the data analysis process will assist in identifying if dietary habits have direct influence on the Diabetes Mellitus in children. Moreover, the process will help develop the proper strategies for conducting the training for the parents with the ill teenagers.
Besides, the data will be represented in pictures, graphs, and other image formats to ensure that the population understands clearly the direct impact of improper eating habits on the level of sugar in the bodies of their children. The effective presentation of data will be easy to interpret for both the targeted parents with teenagers and the teens themselves. For example, the following graphs will be used to show the relationship between high cholesterol foods and the chances of the Diabetes Mellitus occurrence.
Figure 1. Relationship between Diabetes Mellitus and the kind of food consumed.
The above chart shows the percentage of the treated children with Diabetes at Florida Hospital and the type of foods they consumed (Hamilton et al., 2015).
Figure 2. Range of obese children in Miami Dade-Florida.
The above image shows the age difference of the children that are obese in Miami-Dade Florida as compared to a previous study conducted by WHO (Sivasubramanian, 2013)
In order to reach the set objective of the research, it is crucial to identify the methods that will be used for training. Educating parents on the dietary habits of children will be a campaign launched in the area. It will include road shows, visits to schools, public parks, and shopping centers in the region. The campaign will also include instructions about dealing with the Diabetes Mellitus in children. Moreover, a notification on support program for the present victims will be done. The public campaign will last for three days and involve the printing of fliers with details and contacts of the organizers. Afterward, there will be four training conferences in different districts in Miami-Dade dedicated for the parents. The discussions will be aimed at educating as many as possible parents on the relationship of eating habits with Diabetes Mellitus in children.
The above-designed study will be provided with the guidance of each of the stipulated techniques. Moreover, the data acquired on the census of Florida and other reports will help estimate the possible turnout population that will be addressed in the training. The study will have a timeframe that will ensure competence in the research process.
The study will involve a range of activities including gathering information, analyzing the data, designing a training program, campaigns, and conducting the training. Therefore, the study will be conducted within a period of seven weeks. The span will ensure strategic analysis and evaluation of the details required for the success of the program. Moreover, the study will be more relevant to the population of Miami-Dade and the rest of the world in addressing the challenges faced by families with children who have Diabetes Mellitus. Moreover, the program is expected to contribute to curbing the spread of Diabetes Mellitus in young adults.
In conclusion, the above report shows the data needed to formulate a study to help curb the challenge of children with Diabetes Mellitus in the county of Miami-Dade. The program is aimed at training parents to follow recommendable eating habits that will depress the chances of developing the disease in their children. Additionally, the study is intended to create support for the parents with children suffering from the same illness. Several recommendations should be attained in the survey to help reduce the pressure of handling young adults with the disease. As a result, the young population of Miami-Dade will be healthier in the future than it is today (14. Diabetes Advocacy, 2014). Moreover, the education of the current generation will have a significant influence on the coming generation. Therefore, this study should be conducted to achieve that positive impact on improving the health history of the people of Miami-Dade for an extended period.
Identify the objective, target population, locations, and other factors of the study.
Design the survey questionnaires and resources needed to gather the necessary information.
Recruitment and training of researchers on their tasks.
Distribution of the questionnaires and conducting interviews.
Seeking the data concerning the subject of study from the secondary sources.
Analysis of the primary and secondary data from the conducted study.
Interpretation of the data acquired.
Linking the data acquired from the surveys with the objective of the study.
Designing of a training program for the parents with the ill teenagers.
Evaluating the possible achievement of the population training.
Launching of the campaign and the training program for the target population.
Analyzing and publishing of the study results and recommendations of the survey to be used and other people in the region and the entire world.