The 1993 Midwest Flood

The 1993 Midwest flood was one of the major noteworthy natural disasters to hit the US. The flood caused major damages estimated at $15 billion, leeves failed along Missouri and Mississippi rivers, 50 people died and thousands were evacuated with 10,000 homes destroyed. The flood is well remembered because of it's the number of record crests at 20 feet high, its length, the big surface area impacted, and the magnitude of crests. The flood was described as a 100-year flood. This meant that the flood had a 100-year chance of recurring, thus only a 1% chance of happening in any particular year (Larson 1996).

The 1910 Great Flood of Paris

This was a catastrophe flood that followed after weeks of torrential rainfall; the Seine River burst its banks and flooded hundreds of homes. The water started to flood on 21st January 1910, and by 28th January, it had created to 28 feet. Flood estimates reached 400 million francs (or about modern $1.5 billion). Fortunately though, because the water was rising slowly over time, there were no reported deaths. Many people, about 200,000, were displaced by the floods and more than 40,000 unemployed. Several houses crumbled as a result of the flooding although there were no deaths recorded (Jeffrey 2010). Although the flood did not cause deaths, it can be seen as a 100-year flood. This is because it crested to a height of 28 feet, 20 more feet than the normal crest. The chance of such a flood occurring is there although very remote, about a 1% chance that the flood will occur in any given year.