ISO 9000 and 14000
I am interested in product lifecycle management because it is at the center of producing quality products that meet customers' demands. According to the evidence shared by Meredith and Shafer (2010) in the three cases studies of Texas Instruments Inc, Automotive Systems Group of Johnson Controls and Long Island Health Systems suggest the product lifecycle management which is characterized by proper monitoring and control systems that ensure continuous improvement of the quality of products and services. The text as well as the articles I explored espoused the importance of quality management system to ensure adequate management of product lifecycle. It is always important to production processes to identify and correct inefficiencies. Standards are applicable to every aspect of organizations ranging from management of human resources, products, finances, sales, corporate social responsibility and the effect of their activities in the environment. Various journals have been published
The information explored in the course compares perfects with the information presented in the articles as far as product lifecycle management is concerned. It is fundament that mangers in organization understand the process their organization is engaged in, conduct evaluations and analyses to determine any shortcomings and correct them. Other than internally set mechanisms ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 standards provide internationally acceptable standards that can be adopted by the management to improve the production process efficiency thus enhance services or product delivery. The ISO standards have been applied in various industries around the world and yield post results in different sectors (Castka & Balzarova, 2008). Instituting and observing quality management systems greatly enhance efficiency (Marimón & Llach, 2001). ISO standards are easy to institute and provide a checklist with which organizations can monitor their own systems (Casadesus, Marimon & Heras, 2005). According to Meredith and Shafer (2010) receiving the ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 certification, enhances the credibility of organizations to customers or consumers, suppliers, employees, related organization, the public and the government. Standardization ensures consistent quality in the production of goods and services by streamlines the product design and the production process. Consistent monitoring and evaluation facilitate organizations to weed out inefficiencies thus ensuring continuous quality improvement (Casdesurs & Karapetrovic, 2003; Marimon, Heras & Casadesus, 2009)
The article ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 Standards: An International Difussion Model by Casadesus, Marimon & Heras (2005) explores the spread of the ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 standards around the world. The ISO 9000, which is the oldest spread at a lower rate than ISO 14000, and by 2007 ISO 9000, had only about 68% penetration around the world. Although the ISO 14000 spreads with the same pattern the ISO 9000 spread, it spreads at a much faster rate. It is estimate to have reached a saturation level of 95% diffusion worldwide by 2006. At the moment that standards have arrived at an important moment in their maturity. There are little variations in the way these standards are adopted worldwide in different sectors. At country level, US still have a long way to go before the EMS standards ISO 14000 become mature. The authors conducted two studies on the standards and concluded that the two were absorbed worldwide in a similar fashion in all sectors. The sectors that pioneered in the adoption adaption ISO 9000 also played the same role in the adoption of ISO 14000. It is therefore likely that the unprecedented push that encouraged the adoption of ISO 9000 is the same push that encouraged the adoption of the ISO 14000 standards.
Application of ISO 9000 and ISO 14000
The ISO 9000 series standards are solely dedicated to controlling the quality of products. These standards can be used to manage the quality of services and product. The standard applies to the process of product creation and service delivery to ensure that the products delivered are of the right quality. These standards were first released in1987, the revised in 1994 and got a major change in 2000. Their acceptability by almost all nations of the world ensures that companies can genuinely use them to standardize their product to internationally acceptable standards. ISO 14000 standards series on the other hand is concerned about environment management systems. It is used control the impact of organizations on the environment and thus ensures that all negative aspects of an organization to the environment are curtailed. It is base on global acceptable environmental management system (EMS) and organizations can implement the standards to show the resolve towards environmental sustainability.